A lot of new writers seems to get more confused over when to use a colon than semicolons, yet the rules are simpler. Simply put, a colon is used to introduce something, including a list.
You know what I love: good grammar.
Can you go to the shop and buy me the following: bread, milk, and butter.
As with semicolons, you should not capitalise the first word unless it’s a proper noun. You should also never use a colon if it follows a verb or preposition.
There are some great writers, including: Asimov, Robert Heinlein, Charles Dickens, etc.
There are some great writers, including Asimov, Robert Heinlein, Charles Dickens, etc.
A frequent use of colons is introducing a bullet list. There are some simple punctuation rules around bullet point lists.
Generally, capitalisation and periods are optional unless the list is of complete sentences. The one golden rule is to be consistent using them.
Common punctuation includes:
Common punctuation rules include:
- Sentences start with a capital letter.
- Sentences end with a period.
- Commas are used to seperate clauses.